There really should be better documentation for this sort of thing. Maybe there is, but Google doesn't find it very well. Anyway...
var result = xmldocument.evaluate(xpath query, xpath root element, null, XPathResult.UNORDERED_NODE_SNAPSHOT_TYPE, null);
The xmldocument seems to be able to be any such DOM object - it doesn't have to be connected with the root element so it could, for example, be document. Note that a general Node object wont do - they don't have an evaluate method.
Then the result object has a property snapshotLength giving the number of results and a given result Node object can be obtained by calling snapshotItem(i).